Zeta电位的介绍

Zeta电位的介绍

Zeta potential is an electrostatic potential that exists very near the surface of particles suspended in liquids1. Zeta potential (ζ) is responsible for particle-particle repulsion forces in colloidal suspensions and thus can be used to predict colloid stability against particle aggregation. Figure 1 illustrates a particle suspended in a liquid along with various notional regions around it.  The“slipping plane” or “shear plane” is where Zeta potential is located versus the potential in the bulk solution. Within this slipping plane, the liquid is bound to the particle while it moves freely outside this boundary. The net potential far from the particle (in the bulk of the liquid) is zero.

Zeta电位是液体中悬浮的粒子很接近表面位置的静电势1.Zeta电位(ζ)是由胶体中粒子与粒子间的相互作用造成的,因此它可以用来预测胶体体系里粒子聚集的稳定性。图1显示了悬浮在液体中的粒子及其周围的各种概念区域。Zeta电位指的是液体中滑动面或者剪切面的电位。在这个滑动平面内,当液体在这个边界外自由运动时,它与粒子结合在一起。远离粒子的净电势(在液体中)为零。

 

Figure 1. A negatively charged particle suspended in a liquid. Notional boundaries are shown.

图1悬浮在液体中的带负电的粒子及其周围的各种概念区域

PS:这个是另外的一种说法,但是要描述的内容是一样的;

由于分散粒子表面带有电荷而吸引周围的反号离子,这些反号离子在两相界面呈扩散状态分布而形成扩散双电层。根据Stern双电层理论可将双电层分为两部分,即Stern层和扩散层。Stern层定义为吸附在电极表面的一层离子(IHP or OHP)电荷中心组成的一个平面层,此平面层相对远离界面的流体中的某点的电位称为Stern电位。稳定层(Stationary layer) (包括Stern层和滑动面slipping plane以内的部分扩散层) 与扩散层内分散介质(dispersion medium)发生相对移动时的界面是滑动面(slipping plane),该处对远离界面的流体中的某点的电位称为Zeta电位或电动电位(ζ-电位)。